Dr. Mostafa Naraghi's charity


What is NGO? Introducing Types of NGO

Author :

Naraghi's Charity

Date: :

ژوئن 24, 2024

what is NGO

What is an NGO? Introducing Types of NGOs

A non-governmental organization, or NGO, refers to organizations that operate independently from governments, with the primary goal of serving society, supporting human rights, promoting social, economic, and environmental development, and advancing democratic principles and social justice. These organizations are usually non-profit and are established and managed by private individuals or groups.


NGOs are typically formed to address gaps in society and operate in various fields, including education, healthcare, environmental protection, human rights, economic and social development, humanitarian aid, and other related areas.


Characteristics of NGOs

Characteristics of NGOs

The functions of these organizations are carried out through the implementation of various projects and programs. These projects help improve economic conditions, promote sustainable development, and enhance education and access to healthcare services. The social and humanitarian goals supported by these organizations are vast and fundamental.

NGOs have specific characteristics that distinguish them from other organizations. Here are some of these features:

  1. Non-profit Nature

One of the main characteristics of an NGO is that it operates on a non-profit basis. This means that its primary goal is not to generate financial profit but to serve society and achieve objectives aimed at improving social, economic, environmental, and human rights conditions.

  1. Independence from Government

An NGO operates independently from governments and governmental institutions. Although some may receive financial aid from governments, these organizations maintain their independence in decision-making and activities to effectively achieve their goals.


The Naraqi’s Charity, throughout its years of operation, has carried out effective actions such as providing educational and healthcare services to underprivileged areas, supporting orphaned and vulnerable children, and creating employment opportunities for those in need, all without government support.


  1. Volunteerism

A significant portion of the workforce in NGOs operates on a voluntary basis. This helps them reduce operational costs and allocate more resources to implementing their programs and projects.


  1. Humanitarian and Social Goals

NGOs are formed based on humanitarian and social goals, addressing issues such as human rights, sustainable development, environmental protection, improving health and education, reducing poverty and inequality, and promoting social justice.


  1. Transparency and Accountability

NGOs, often relying on public funds and donations, are obligated to provide transparent reports and be accountable to their donors and the community. This transparency helps maintain public trust in these organizations.


  1. Flexibility and Innovation

Due to their non-hierarchical structure and independence from governmental bureaucracies, NGOs can respond more quickly and flexibly to new problems and challenges. This characteristic allows them to innovate in their methods and programs.


  1. Specialization

Many NGOs specialize in specific fields and focus on particular issues. This specialization enables them to address relevant issues more deeply and effectively.


  1. Networking and Collaboration

NGOs tend to network and collaborate with other organizations, institutions, and individuals interested in similar topics. These collaborations can lead to the exchange of knowledge, resources, and experiences, thereby enhancing the impact of their activities.


Types of NGOs:

Types of NGOs

  • Community-based NGOs: Community-based NGOs usually operate locally within a specific community and address the specific issues and needs of that community. These organizations work in areas such as education, healthcare, agriculture, infrastructure development, and other local issues.
  • National NGOs: These organizations operate at the national level and typically address broader issues across the country. They may work in areas such as human rights, social policies, women’s and children’s support, and environmental protection.
  • International NGOs: International NGOs operate in multiple countries and typically address global issues such as human rights, humanitarian aid, climate change, sustainable development, and more. Well-known examples of such organizations include Amnesty International, Doctors Without Borders, and the Red Cross.
  • Environmental NGOs: Environmental NGOs focus on issues related to environmental protection, climate change, biodiversity conservation, and environmental sustainability. They often contribute to environmental protection through awareness campaigns, research, and practical projects.
  • Human Rights NGOs: These organizations focus on the promotion and protection of human rights and work in areas such as combating torture, supporting freedom of expression, women’s rights, children’s rights, and refugee support.
  • Development NGOs: This category of organizations works towards the social and economic development of various communities. They engage in areas such as education, healthcare, employment, economic empowerment, and infrastructure development.

Role and Importance of NGOs:

Non-governmental organizations play a vital role in promoting social justice, sustainable development, environmental protection, and human rights. Through effective project implementation and community awareness campaigns, they can influence policies and laws, thereby contributing to improving the lives of individuals and communities.


Ultimately, NGOs facilitate community participation, strengthen capacities, and provide necessary services, playing a crucial role in bolstering civil society and promoting sustainable development.

The Naraqi’s Charity  also strives to meet the needs of vulnerable segments of society and contribute to sustainable development in Iran.

5 1 رای
اشتراک در
اطلاع از
3 نظرات
تازه‌ترین بیشترین رأی
بازخورد (Feedback) های اینلاین
مشاهده همه دیدگاه ها
تینا رضائی

NGOs play a crucial role in mobilizing communities at the grassroots level.

چه امتیازی به این پست میدین؟ :

could you tell me more about independece from government?

Tina Rezaie

Independent organizations are better known as nonprofits or nongovernment organizations (NGOs). NGOs are a collection of people who organize to pursue a charitable goal at either the local, national or global level.

افکار شما را دوست داریم، لطفا نظر دهید.x